Authors would like to disclose no potential conflicts of interest. This project was supported by the National Center for Research Resources and the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities of the National Institutes of Health through Grant Numbers 8 G12 MD007582-28 and 5SC1CA161676-03. “
“The author names were incorrectly published in the original publication. The correct author names are provided below: Z. Ma, W. Li, K. Gao “
“The unit in Table 2 was incorrectly published in the original publication. The correct Table 2 is
provided below. “
“The authors regret that there is an error in page 371, 3.2.1. Study 1. Tumours were established in 29 out of 30. The Selleck Navitoclax authors would like to apologise for any inconvenience caused. “
“The use of hydrogels as nanostructured scaffolds and particles in tissue engineering and delivery of therapeutic agents is an emerging field in biomedicine (Geckil et al., 2010 and Lu et al., 2013), as many hydrogels have innate structural similarities with physiological matrices (Slaughter et al., 2009). However, there is an ongoing research Buparlisib mouse to improve the properties and quality of these applications, such as structural integrity, biocompatibility, and biodegradability. Recently,
cellulose and cellulose-based materials have gained an increasing interest in modern medicine, mostly due to their versatility and inherent properties (Charreau et al., 2013). Cellulose is the most abundant naturally occurring biopolymer on earth. The discovered structural features and properties have enabled the creation of novel cellulose-based materials and applications, particularly
the emerging investigation of nanoscale celluloses (Charreau et al., 2013). The cellulose nanomaterials, mostly films and hydrogels, have already shown importance in industrial, pharmaceutical, and biomedical research (Klemm et al., 2011). In the biomedical field, injectable hydrogels have shown some potential (Jain et al., 2013); especially considering the challenges of non-invasive delivery of peptide and protein therapeutics, such as monoclonal antibodies and recombinant human proteins (Jain et al., 2013, Kumar et al., 2006 and Muller and Keck, 2004). Modern medicine involving drug delivery and therapy with implants and hydrogels, Rutecarpine the applications must be non-toxic and biocompatible, while still providing the desired properties and functions for successful treatment. Currently, the modern medicine related research on nanostructural cellulose hydrogels has mostly focused on the use of bacterial celluloses (Innala et al., 2013, Muller et al., 2013 and Pretzel et al., 2013). However, plant-derived nanofibrillar cellulose (NFC) prepared from wood pulp is also one of the emerging nanomaterials with properties for potential biomedical applications (Bhattacharya et al., 2012).