The method was fully validated for its sensitivity, selectivity,

The method was fully validated for its sensitivity, selectivity, matrix effect and stability. The LC-MS/MS method was successfully applied to evaluate the effect of the systemic administration of cocaine or amphetamine on the extracellular levels of ADE, DA, ACh and 5-HT in the mouse nucleus accumbens by microdialysis. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Giant hemangiomas are rare in newborn babies and may cause some life-threatening complications such as congestive heart failure and coagulopathies including severe thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and bleeding find more such as Kasabach-Merritt syndrome.

We have presented here one infant case with a right lower brachial plexus paralysis due to giant hemangioma treated successfully with interferon alpha and have discussed the treatment. This is the first case of Kasabach-Merritt syndrome associated with a right lower brachial plexus paralysis treated with interferon in the literature to our knowledge. The administration of interferon-alpha might be indicated as a therapy for severe, life-threatening and giant hemangiomas such as Kasabach-Merritt syndrome,

especially when there is resistance to steroid. However, more extensive data and new patients are needed to clarify this issue.”
“Background: A core mission of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) is the education of its members, including continuing medical education (CME). The question of what evidence supports the effectiveness of CME activities became central to the ACCP’s Educational Resources Division and its education committee.\n\nMethods: An application for consideration as a topic for an evidenced-based guideline was submitted to the ACCP

Health and Science Policy Committee in 2004. The application was see more approved contingent on acceptance 1)), the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) as a topic for an evidence-based review to be awarded to am AHRQ evidence-based practice center (EPC). The topic was accepted by AHRQ, with a collaborative revision developed 1)), AHRQ and ACCP of the focused questions submitted in the nomination. The AHRQ awarded the evidence review to The Johns Hopkins University EPC (Baltimore, MD). An expert writing panel was assembled comprising methodologists from the EPC, and recommendations were developed from the EPC evidence review and graded using the ACCP system of categorizing the strength of each recommendation and the quality of evidence.\n\nConclusions: This section describes the processes used to develop these guidelines, including identifying, evaluating, and synthesizing the evidence; assessing the strength of evidence; and grading each recommendation.”
“Palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by sterile pustules predominantly involving the palms and soles of middle-aged women.

Furthermore, although diploid individuals were grouped in a singl

Furthermore, although diploid individuals were grouped in a single widespread genetic cluster, tetraploids were grouped in two highly differentiated clusters and showed significant isolation by distance. This genetic pattern in C. seridis may be related to a minimal gene flow with

diploid relatives and/or other genetic factors, such as rare polyploidization events, founder effects or an increased Selleck Sapanisertib selfing rate. Neither taxonomic assignment at subspecies level, nor ecological conditions could explain the genetic differentiation between tetraploid clusters. (C) 2014 The Linnean Society of London”
“Wong MG, Panchapakesan U, Qi W, Silva DG, Chen X, Pollock CA. Cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor inhibitor (PXS25) inhibits fibrosis in human proximal tubular cells by inhibiting conversion of latent to active TGF-beta(1). Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 301: BTK inhibitor solubility dmso F84-F93, 2011. First published April 6, 2011; doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00287.2010.-Hyperglycemia and hypoxia have independent and convergent roles in the development of renal disease. Transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) is a key cytokine promoting the production of extracellular matrix proteins. The cationic-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CI-M6PR) is a membrane protein that binds M6P-containing proteins. A key role is to activate latent

TGF-beta(1). PXS25, a novel CI-MPR inhibitor, has antifibrotic properties in skin fibroblasts, but its role in renal fibrosis is unclear. The aim was to study the role of PXS25 in matrix protein production under high glucose +/- hypoxic conditions in human proximal tubule (HK-2) cells. HK-2 cells were exposed to high glucose (30 mM) +/- 100 mu M PXS25 in both normoxic (20% O-2) and hypoxic (1% O-2) conditions for 72 h.

Cellular fibronectin, collagen IV, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 were assessed. Total and active TGF-beta(1) were measured by ELISA. High glucose and hypoxia independently induced TGF-beta(1) production. Active TGF-beta(1), but not total TGF-beta(1) was reduced with concurrent PXS25 in the presence of high glucose, but not in hyperglycemia learn more + hypoxia conditions. Hyperglycemia induced fibronectin and collagen IV production (P < 0.05), as did hypoxia, but only hyperglycemia-induced increases in matrix proteins were suppressed by concurrent PXS25 exposure. High glucose induced MMP-2 and -9 in normoxic and hypoxic conditions, which was not modified in the presence of PXS25. High glucose and hypoxia can independently induce endogenous active TGF-beta(1) production in human proximal tubular cells. PXS25 inhibits conversion of high glucose-induced release of active TGF-beta(1), only in the absence of hypoxia.”
“Protein sulfenic acids are essential cysteine oxidations in cellular signaling pathways. The thermodynamics that drive protein sulfenylation are not entirely clear. Experimentally, sulfenic acid reduction potentials are hard to measure, because of their highly reactive nature.

Dissatisfaction was defined as no change in symptoms, and/or de n

Dissatisfaction was defined as no change in symptoms, and/or de novo important symptoms.\n\nThe overall rate of good satisfaction was 74.7% (62/83), selleck inhibitor moderate satisfaction 15.6% (13/83), and only 9.6% (8/83) were not satisfied. There was no statistical difference among the six different groups (sacrocolpopexy only, plus TVT, plus TVT and hysterectomy, sacrocolpopexy and previous hysterectomy, sacrocolpopexy and TVT with previous hysterectomy), concerning the pre and post operative clinical signs and post operative symptoms. There was a statistically significant difference (p=0.038) regarding dissatisfaction and

prolapse relapse between the group that had a previous total hysterectomy combining sacrocolpopexy with TVT and all other groups. The most frequent post operative symptoms were stress incontinence, dysuria and constipation. No severe complications and mesh erosion were observed, despite the two cases of mesh detachment.\n\nConclusions: Laparoscopic double synthetic mesh sacrocolpopexy seems to be a safe and effective treatment of genito-urinary prolapse, with good overall long term outcomes and benefits of the minimal access approach. The presence of the remaining CA4P concentration cervix after subtotal hysterectomy, seems to enhance the results of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy.. Further randomised studies are needed to confirm our results

and to compare this method to open and/or vaginal approach. Hippokratia 2009; 13 (2): 105-109″
“Genetic variability of modulus of elasticity (MOE) was investigated in three genetic trials, including two progeny (16 years old) and one clonal (19 years old) trials of hybrid larch (Larix

x eurolepis Henry). MOE was directly assessed on standing selleck kinase inhibitor trees using the Rigidimeter, a bending device, and related to other traits including height, BH diameter and wood density. Mean MOE ranged from 5,183 to 9,228 MPa among families in the progeny trials and from 4,591 to 11,486 MPa in the clonal trial. Among traits studied, MOE was one of the most variable traits. It was strongly and positively related to wood density at both the individual and genotype mean levels. Interestingly too, wood stiffness did not seem, or only weakly, unfavourably linked to stem diameter at the phenotypical level, but it was negatively or not correlated to diameter at the genetic level. As well, MOE showed a high GxE stability over the two progeny trial sites. Narrow-sense heritabilities for MOE were moderate (around 0.36). In all three trials, they were lower than those for wood density or total height, and of the same level as for diameter. Improvement of wood stiffness of hybrid larch using the Rigidimeter seems possible and promising genetic gains are expected. Impacts of selection for growth traits on MOE are also discussed.”
“Micafungin concentrations in plasma and burn eschar after daily intravenous infusion (1 h) of micafungin (200 to 300 mg) were investigated for six patients with severe burns.

2%) contained pan-sensitive strains and eight (5 4%) harbored mul

2%) contained pan-sensitive strains and eight (5.4%) harbored multidrug-resistant M. tuberculosis. IS6110 RFLP typing revealed 110 RFLP patterns with 57.9% of patients infected with the Beijing genotype. This percentage was significantly higher than that in a previous report from pulmonary tuberculosis patients. Fifteen of

18 TBM patients (83%) aged <15 years were infected with Beijing isolates (OR = 4.47, p = 0.018). There were 40 spoligotypes, with 118 patients (80.3%) being clustered. The biggest cluster, which consisted of 84 patients, was the Beijing spoligotype (57.1%). There were 16 novel spoligotypes from 16 patients compared to the Fourth International Spoligotyping Database, SpolDB4. Sixty-four percent of the patients were male, and the mean age of selleck chemicals patients was 33.8 years. Beijing isolates from 2001 to 2005 were found in higher percentages than those from find more 1995 to 2000, but this difference was not significant (p = 0.28). (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Aim Oxidative/mtrosative stress has long been demonstrated in hemodialysis patients It is associated with numerous complications such as atherosclerosis and related cardio vascular disturbances However, the factors influencing

oxidative/nitrosative status have not been characterized extensively in these patients Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the alteration of oxidative/nitrosative stress parameters and total antioxidant status\n\nMethods Forty-one hemodialysis patients and 41 healthy subjects

SB273005 were enrolled in the present study Serum myeloperoxidase, nitrotyrosine and total antioxidant capacity were determined\n\nResults Serum myeloperoxidase and nitrotyrosine were significantly higher in the haemodialysis patients compared to the healthy subjects (P<0 05) while total antioxidant capacity was lower (P<0 01)\n\nConclusion According to the results of this study, oxidative and nitrosative stress is increased in haemodialysis patients, therefore these alterations should be considered in the treatment of these patients”
“Objective: This study is aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of digital images for telecytology diagnosis and compares it with routine cytology diagnostic under the conditions of Georgia. Materials and Methods: Gynecological cytology cases (n – 420) were taken from the clinical laboratory. Cases were diagnosed routinely by one of four certified cytologists who provided cytology diagnoses. Digital images were obtained on all cases and were evaluated as computer images by a panel of cytologists. Results: There was 94% concordance in average between routine versus digital images diagnostic. Intracytologists concordance averaged 95.5%. Image sharpness and quality were rated “good” and “excellent” in 97% cases. With respect to image color, 96% of the images were rated as “excellent” or “good.

The strengths and weaknesses of these test kits are discussed wit

The strengths and weaknesses of these test kits are discussed with regard to the application scope, variance, specificity and cross reactivity, accuracy and precision, and measurement range. Generally speaking, the current commercially available

testing kits meet research and industrial needs as ‘fit-for-purpose. Furthermore, quality assurance concerns and future perspectives are elaborated for broader application of commercial test kits in research, industry and regulatory applications. It is expected that new commercial kits based on advanced technologies such as electrochemical affinity biosensors, molecularly imprinted polymers, surface plasmon resonance, fluorescence resonance energy transfer, aptamer-based biosensors and dynamic light scattering might be available to users in the future. Meanwhile, harmonisation of testing kit evaluation, incorporation of more quality assurance into the testing kit utilisation scheme,

and a larger selleck inhibitor Linsitinib cost variety of kits available at lower cost will expand the usage of testing kits for food safety testing worldwide.”
“In vitro production of human hepatocytes is of primary importance in basic research, pharmacotoxicology and biotherapy of liver diseases. We have developed a protocol of differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (ES) towards hepatocyte-like cells (ES-Hep). Using a set of human adult markers including CAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBPalpha), hepatocyte nuclear factor 4/7 ratio (HNF4alpha1/HNF4alpha7), cytochrome P450 7A1 (CYP7A1), LDK378 cost CYP3A4 and constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), and fetal markers including alpha-fetoprotein, CYP3A7 and glutathione S-transferase

P1, we analyzed the expression of a panel of 41 genes in ES-Hep comparatively with human adult primary hepatocytes, adult and fetal liver. The data revealed that after 21 days of differentiation, ES-Hep are representative of fetal hepatocytes at less than 20 weeks of gestation. The glucocorticoid receptor pathway was functional in ES-Hep. Extending protocols of differentiation to 4 weeks did not improve cell maturation. When compared with hepatocyte-like cells derived from adult liver non parenchymal epithelial (NPE) cells (NPE-Hep), ES-Hep expressed several adult and fetal liver makers at much greater levels (at least one order of magnitude), consistent with greater expression of liver-enriched transcription factors Forkhead box A2, C/EBPalpha, HNF4alpha and HNF6. It therefore seems that ES-Hep reach a better level of differentiation than NPE-Hep and that these cells use different lineage pathways towards the hepatic phenotype. Finally we showed that lentivirus-mediated expression of xenoreceptor CAR in ES-Hep induced the expression of several detoxification genes including CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP3A4, UDP-glycosyltransferase 1A1, solute carriers 21A6, as well as biotransformation of midazolam, a CYP3A4-specific substrate.

“Rickettsia rickettsii infection is being increasingly rec

“Rickettsia rickettsii infection is being increasingly recognized as an important cause of fatal acute illness in Brazil, where this tick-borne selleck compound disease is designated Brazilian spotted fever (BSF). In this study we report five fatal cases of BSF in employees of an animal shelter in an urban area in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro in southeast Brazil after a natural disaster on 11 January 2011.

Four of the cases occurred from 27 January to 11 April 2011, while the fifth fatal case was identified in April 2012. Three cases were confirmed by molecular analysis and two by epidemiological linkage. An investigation of BSF was performed in the animal shelter, and blood samples were collected from 115 employees and 117 randomly selected dogs. The presence of high levels (1024-4096) of antibodies against spotted fever group rickettsiae was found in three (26%) employees and 114 (975%) dogs. These findings emphasize the need to consider BSF as a possible cause of undifferentiated febrile illness, especially dengue and leptospirosis, in patients occupationally exposed to dogs heavily infested by ticks,

mainly working at kennels and animal shelters that have inadequate space for the animals housed and frequently providing an environment conducive to exposure to pathogens such as R. rickettsii.”
“AIM: To explore the effect of grape seed proanthocyanidin (GSP) in liver ischemia/reperfusion 3MA (IR) injury and alleviation of endoplasmic reticulum stress. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (220-250 g) were divided into three groups, namely, sham, IR, and GSP groups (n = 8 each). A liver IR (70%) model was established and reperfused for 6 h. Prior to reperfusion, the GSP group was administered with GSP (100 mg/kg) for 15 d, and liver histology was then investigated. Serum aminotransferase and inflammatory mediators coupled with superoxide dismutase and methane dicarboxylic aldehyde were detected. Western blot was conducted to analyze

the expression of glucose-regulated protein 78, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein BMS-777607 chemical structure homologous protein, activating transcription factor-4, inositol-requiring enzyme-1, procaspase-12, and nuclear factor-kappa b. Apoptotic cells were detected by TUNEL staining. RESULTS: The serum aminotransferase, apoptotic cells, and Suzuki scores decreased in the GSP group compared with the IR group (Ps smaller than 0.05). The methane dicarboxylic aldehyde level was decreased in the GSP group, but the superoxide dismutase level was reversed (Ps smaller than 0.05). Similarly, GSP downregulated the proinflammatory factors and upregulated the levels of anti-inflammatory factors (Ps smaller than 0.05).

For mesophyll/phloem, no differences were found in adults Howeve

For mesophyll/phloem, no differences were found in adults. However, in nymphs, weak resistance factors (longer stylet penetration and mesophyll salivation) were detected in the resistant selection. In phloem, EPG data indicate strong resistance factors in NY 10353, especially for nymphs and summer-form adults (longer Selleck BMS-777607 time before the first phloem ingestion and a lower duration of each phloem ingestion event). No prolonged (>10min) phloem ingestion was performed by nymphs and adults in the resistant selection. The results support the hypothesis that NY 10353 resistance factors are located in the phloem sap and cause high C.pyri

nymph mortality: this could be useful as a basis check details for further investigations of resistance mechanisms at the metabolic, chemical and genetic levels.”
“Nuclear microsatellite markers were developed for the Western

Australian, short-range endemic millipede Atelomastix bamfordi to study patterns of population genetic structure across the species’ terrestrial island-like distribution. Five dinucleotide, one trinucleotide, four tetranucleotide and one pentanucleotide repeat loci were developed and tested on 22 individuals sampled from one population. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 2 to 11 and observed heterozygosity ranged from 0.091 to 0.773. Null alleles were suspected to occur at four loci, but all 11 loci

showed independent inheritance. Four loci were useful in cross-amplification in another Atelomastix species.”
“Gliomas are a heterogeneous group of tumors that show variable proliferative potential, invasiveness, aggressiveness, histological grading, and clinical behavior. In this review, we focus on glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a grade IV glioma, which is the most common and malignant of primary adult brain tumors. Research over the past several decades has revealed the existence of extensive cellular, molecular, genetic, Selleck CYT387 epigenetic, and metabolic heterogeneity among tumors of the same grade and even within individual tumors. Evaluation of different tumor types has shown that tumors with advanced grade and clinical aggressiveness also display enhanced molecular, cellular, and microenvironmental heterogeneity. From a therapeutic standpoint, this heterogeneity is a major clinical hurdle for devising effective therapeutic strategies for patients and challenges personalized medicine. In this review, we will highlight key aspects of GBM heterogeneity, directing special attention to regional heterogeneity, hypoxia, genomic heterogeneity, tumor-specific metabolic reprogramming, neovascularization or angiogenesis, and stromal immune cells. We will further discuss the clinical implications of GBM heterogeneity in the context of therapy.

Here, we report the discovery of a new Chfr-associated protein Ki

Here, we report the discovery of a new Chfr-associated protein Kif22, a chromokinesin that binds to both DNA and microtubules. We demonstrated that Kif22 is a novel substrate of Chfr. We showed that Chfr-mediated Kif22 down-regulation is critical for the maintenance of chromosome stability. Collectively, our results reveal a new substrate of Chfr selleck compound that plays a role in the maintenance of genome integrity.”
“Background: Despite optimal and early surgical treatment of non-small-cell

lung cancer (NSCLC), many patients die of recurrent NSCLC. We investigated the association between gene methylation and recurrence of the tumor.\n\nMethods: Fifty-one patients with stage I NSCLC who underwent curative resection but who had a recurrence within 40 months after resection (case patients) were matched on the basis of age, NSCLC stage, sex, and date of histone deacetylase activity surgery to 116 patients with stage I NSCLC who underwent curative resection but who did not have a recurrence within 40 months after resection (controls). We investigated whether the methylation of seven genes in tumor and lymph nodes was associated with tumor recurrence.\n\nResults: In a multivariate model, promoter methylation of the

cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A gene p16, the H-cadherin gene CDH13, the Ras association domain family 1 gene RASSF1A, and the adenomatous polyposis coli gene APC in tumors and in histologically tumor-negative lymph nodes learn more was associated with tumor recurrence, independently of NSCLC stage, age, sex, race, smoking history, and histologic characteristics of the tumor. Methylation of the promoter regions of p16 and CDH13 in both tumor and mediastinal lymph nodes was associated with an odds ratio of recurrent cancer of 15.50 in the original cohort and an odds ratio of 25.25 when the original cohort was combined with an independent validation cohort of 20 patients

with stage I NSCLC.\n\nConclusions: Methylation of the promoter region of the four genes in patients with stage I NSCLC treated with curative intent by means of surgery is associated with early recurrence.”
“Background: Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) remain the center of diagnostic controversy and patients’ stress despite recent advances in cervical cancer screening and the introduction of human papilloma virus (HPV) testing. The role of infectious agents in the induction of such changes is not well understood. Aim: We aim at reviewing the effect of the different infectious organisms in Papanicolaou (PAP) smears on the ASCUS diagnosis. Material: 133 ASCUS cases associated with variable infectious organisms (ASCUS-infection group) with secondary HPV testing and appropriate follow-up studies were reviewed. A control group of 310 ASCUS cases without any organisms (ASCUS-only group) was selected for comparison.

The continued use of both cell-based approaches and animal models

The continued use of both cell-based approaches and animal models will be key to fully unraveling OCRL1 function, how its loss leads to disease and, importantly, the development of therapeutics to treat patients.”
“The brain responds to injury and infection by activating innate defense and tissue repair mechanisms. Working upon the hypothesis that the brain defense response involves common genes and pathways across diverse pathologies, we analysed global gene

expression in brain from mouse models representing three major central nervous system disorders, cerebral stroke, multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease compared to normal brain using DNA microarray expression profiling. A comparison of dysregulated genes across disease models revealed common genes and pathways including key components of estrogen and TGF-beta signaling pathways that have been associated with neuroprotection buy A-1155463 as well as

a neurodegeneration mediator, TRPM7. Further, for each disease model, we discovered collections of differentially expressed genes that provide novel insight into the individual pathology and its associated mechanisms. Our data provide a resource for exploring the complex molecular mechanisms that underlie brain neurodegeneration and a new approach for identifying generic and disease-specific targets for therapy. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. selleck inhibitor All rights reserved.”
“Breast cancer metastases develop in the bone more frequently than any other site and are a common cause of morbidity in the form of bone pain, pathological fractures, nerve compression and life-threatening hypercalcemia. Despite ongoing research efforts, the molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate breast cancer cell homing to and colonization of the bone as well as resultant pathological Selleckchem Napabucasin bone alteration remain poorly understood. To identify key mediators promoting breast cancer metastasis to bone, we utilized an immunocompetent, syngeneic murine model of breast cancer metastasis

employing the mammary tumor cell line NT2.5. Following intracardiac injection of NT2.5 cells in neu-N mice, metastases developed in the bone, liver and lung, closely mimicking the anatomical distribution of metastases in patients with breast cancer. Using an in vivo selection process, we established NT2.5 sublines demonstrating an enhanced ability to colonize the bone and liver. Genome-wide cDNA microarray analysis comparing gene expression between parental NT2.5 cells and established sublines revealed both known and novel mediators of bone metastasis and osteolysis, including the transcriptional co-activator CITED2. In further studies, we found that expression of CITED2 was elevated in human primary breast tumors and bone metastasis compared to normal mammary epithelium and was highest in breast cancer cell lines that cause osteolytic bone metastasis in animal models.

(Psychiatric Services 62: 22-27, 2011)”
“Poland’s first Ente

(Psychiatric Services 62: 22-27, 2011)”
“Poland’s first Enterobacteriaceae isolate producing the New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM) was identified in August 2011. Escherichia coli sequence type ST410 NDM-1 was cultured from a critically ill patient who had been transferred directly from the Congo. The bla(NDM-1) gene was carried by conjugative IncFII-type plasmid pMC-NDM (87,619 bp), which

showed structural similarity to plasmid pGUE-NDM, which was identified earlier in France in an E. coli ST131 isolate of Indian origin.”
“Background Previous studies have reported a relationship between large earthquakes and acute coronary events, but have yielded conflicting results. On March 11, 2011, a massive magnitude 9.0 earthquake hit the northeastern coast of Japan and generated repeated aftershocks. The aim of this study is to clarify the influence of this find more earthquake on the risk of acute myocardial buy RepSox infarction (AMI) including sudden cardiac death based on the data from a population-based analysis. Methods The study subjects were residents in the northeast of Iwate prefecture, Japan. Cases corresponding to the definition

of AMI according to the criteria of the World Health Organization MONICA project were registered from 4 weeks before to 8 weeks after the disaster and in the corresponding periods in 2009 and 2010. Results The relative risk of AMI was 2.03 (95% CI 1.55-2.66) for the 4-week period after the disaster compared with the corresponding periods in the preceding years. The number of events peaked within the first week after the earthquake decreased to levels seen in the

preceding years and then increased again after high-magnitude aftershocks. The incidence of AMI was positively correlated with the seismic scale of the earthquake (r = 0.75, P smaller than .01). Conclusions This population-based study suggests that the increase in AMI events after a major earthquake varies depending on the seismic scale of the initial shock and each aftershock.”
“Electron transport in nanoscale structures is strongly influenced by the Coulomb interaction that gives rise to correlations in the stream of charges and leaves clear fingerprints in the fluctuations of the electrical current. A complete CCI-779 concentration understanding of the underlying physical processes requires measurements of the electrical fluctuations on all time and frequency scales, but experiments have so far been restricted to fixed frequency ranges, as broadband detection of current fluctuations is an inherently difficult experimental procedure. Here we demonstrate that the electrical fluctuations in a single-electron transistor can be accurately measured on all relevant frequencies using a nearby quantum point contact for on-chip real-time detection of the current pulses in the single-electron device.