To facilitate future studies and, subsequently, enhance our understanding GSK1120212 manufacturer of the disease, we propose INCPH as a uniform nomenclature for this disorder independent of the observed histopathological features. In Eastern patients, abdominally infectious disease has been incriminated as an important role in the development of INCPH; however, in Western patients, such a risk factor is lacking. Hypercoagulability may play an
important role in INCPH. Despite the fact that data regarding treatment of variceal bleeding in INCPH patients are lacking, we recommend to follow the guidelines regarding cirrhotic variceal bleeding in these patients. In general, prognosis and survival of INCPH patients is good. However, liver failure might occur. Prospective multicenter cohort studies are needed to acquire reliable data regarding
treatment and clinical outcome of this challenging disorder. The authors are extremely grateful to Dr. P.E. Zondervan for critically reading parts of the manuscript for this article. The authors thank Dr. B. Liu for providing Fig. 1 and Dr. J. Verheij for providing Figs. 2 and 3. “
“Background and Aims: Recent advancements in capsule endoscopy and double-balloon endoscopy have revealed that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Ixazomib cost such as indomethacin, can induce small intestinal mucosal damage. However, the precise pathogenesis and therapeutic strategy have not been fully revealed. The aim of the present study was to determine the upregulated proteins in the small intestine exposed to indomethacin. Methods: Indomethacin (10 mg/kg) was administered subcutaneously to male Wistar rats to induce small intestinal damage and the severity of the
intestinal injury was evaluated by measuring the area of visible ulcerative lesions. The intestinal mucosal tissue samples were collected and then analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight spectrometer 上海皓元医药股份有限公司 peptide mass fingerprinting being used to determine the differentially expressed proteins between normal and injured intestinal mucosa. Results: Among several protein spots showing differential expression, one, hemopexin (HPX), was identified as upregulated in indomethacin-induced injured intestinal mucosa using the MASCOT search engine. Conclusion: HPX was identified as upregulated protein in the small intestine exposed to indomethacin. HPX may be responsible for the development of the intestinal inflammation induced by NSAIDs. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used worldwide in the treatment of musculoskeletal pain and inflammation, but they are also well known as causing gastroduodenal mucosal lesions as an adverse effect, including bleeding, ulceration, and perforation of the stomach and duodenum that can be fatal.