The systolic BP percentile in the
clinical consultation was associated with BMI and birth weight. The diastolic BP in the selleckchem clinical consultation was associated with birth weight, age, and BMI. Weight excess, low birth weight and younger age were associated with a higher BP in normotensive children seen in a clinical setting. To our knowledge, this is the first study to describe the association between lower birth weight and a greater BP response to medical consultation. Our finding suggests that the tendency to higher white-coat effect is determined, at least to some extent, in intrauterine life. Copyright (C) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“G protein-coupled receptor kinase-interactor 2 (GM) is a signaling scaffold protein that also functions as GTPase-activating protein (GAPS) for ADP-ribosylation factor
(Arf) small GTP-binding proteins. GIT2 has been implicated in the regulation of G protein-coupled receptor trafficking and cell adhesion and migration. To evaluate possible neurobehavioral functions of GIT2 in vivo, we evaluated CIT2-knockout (KO) mice for abnormalities in emotionality and mood. Male and female GIT2-KO mice presented with anxiety-like behaviors in the zero-maze and light-dark emergence tests. Immobility times in tail suspension were reduced in GIT2-KO males, but were normal in GIT2-KO females. Hence, GIT2-KO mice display anxiety-like behavior in an absence AZD4547 solubility dmso of depressive-like responses. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Background: Recent studies indicate an SHP099 mouse increased mortality of anemic patients with renal failure when near-normal hemoglobin levels are aimed for by treatment with erythropoiesis stimulating agents. Aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) is a strong predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular
mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease. The relationships between aPWV, hemoglobin levels and erythropoiesis stimulating agent dosage have not been evaluated to date. Methods: In 75 patients, aPWV was measured by applanation tonometry. Associations of aPWV and a broad range of clinical, laboratory and therapeutic parameters were determined by stepwise linear regression analysis. Results: aPWV was positively correlated to age (r = 0.55, p < 0.001), whereas the association with hemoglobin was significant, but negative (r = -0.31, p = 0.01). Multivariate analysis determined age (beta = 0.513, p < 0.001), mean blood pressure (beta = 0.255, p = 0.01), the presence of heart failure (beta = 0.188, p = 0.03), hemoglobin (beta = -0.226, p = 0.01), daily calcium load (beta = -0.230, p = 0.01) and the presence of diabetes mellitus (beta = 0.179, p = 0.04) to have a significant and independent influence on aPWV. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that in hemodialysis patients, aPWV is significantly but negatively associated with the serum hemoglobin concentration, even after multiple adjustments for other covariates. Copyright (C) 2009 S.