Multivariate analysis was performed to assess the relationships

Multivariate analysis was performed to assess the relationships

between preoperative presence of metabolic syndrome and postoperative outcomes.

Results: Metabolic syndrome was present in 551 (46.6%) patients and absent in 632 (53.4%). Postoperative stroke occurred in 4.7% of patients with metabolic syndrome and 2.1% of patients without metabolic syndrome (P < .0001). Postoperative acute renal failure occurred in 3.8% of patients with metabolic syndrome and 1.1% of patients without metabolic syndrome. On multivariate analysis, metabolic syndrome had odds ratios of 2.47 (95% confidence interval 1.22-4.99; P = .012) for postoperative Selleck PU-H71 stroke and 3.81 (95% confidence interval 1.42-10.3; P = .008) for postoperative acute renal failure.

Conclusions: This study showed the clinical importance of metabolic syndrome with respect to postoperative stroke and acute renal failure in patients having coronary artery bypass grafting. Like many established risk factors for postoperative complications, metabolic syndrome should be recognized as a novel risk factor for adverse events.”
“Objective: Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy is performed to treat primary hyperhidrosis. The second and third sympathetic thoracic ganglia excised also innervate the heart. Some studies have shown decreased heart rate but have not been conclusive regarding other cardiac

effects of sympathectomy. We studied the cardiac autonomic SHP099 supplier effects of endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy in a group of patients with primary hyperhidrosis. Heart rate variability is a simple, noninvasive electrocardiographic marker reflecting the activity and balance of the sympathetic and vagal components of the autonomous nervous system.

Methods: We performed a prospective study in 38 patients with primary hyperhidrosis with 24-hour Holter recordings obtained before endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy and 6 months later.

Results: We found statistically significant differences (P < .05) in

THZ1 ic50 both time and frequency domains. Parameters that evaluate global cardiac autonomic activity (total power, SD of normal R-R intervals, SD of average normal RR intervals) and vagal activity (rhythm corresponding to percentage of normal R-R intervals with cycle greater than 50 ms relative to previous interval, square root of mean squared differences of successive normal R-R intervals, high-frequency power, high-frequency power in normalized units) were statistically significantly increased after sympathectomy. Low-frequency power in normalized units, reflecting sympathetic activity, was statistically significantly decreased after sympathectomy. Low-/high-frequency power ratio also showed a significant decrease, indicating relative decrease in sympathetic activity and increase in vagal activity.

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