However, one-third of the

patients foil to improve with t

However, one-third of the

patients foil to improve with this therapy. Stimulation with different left ventricular stimulation (LVS) configurations has been used to prevent diaphragmatic capture and to decrease the capture thresholds. We evaluated the hemodynamic effects of different LVS configurations using echocardiography.

Methods: Recipients of CRT systems capable of multiple LVS configurations were studied. Biventricular capture was confirmed for each polarity and echocardiographic measurements were made. The atrioventricular and interventricular delays were optimized and kept constant during the study. The cardiac output (CO), myocardial performance index (MPI) and severity this website of mitral regurgitation (MR) were recorded for all LVS configurations and compared for the best and the worst configurations, determined by CO.

Results: We studied 10 men and four women, 55 1 13 years of age on average. The GO and MPI changed significantly by changing the LVS configurations. The difference in CO ranged from 0.3 to 1.5 L, and seven patients (50%) showed >= 20% difference in CO between best and worst LVS configurations. Severity of

MR decreased by >= 1 grade in nine patients, find more while in two patients MR worsened despite improvement in CO.

Conclusions: Changing the LVS configuration changes hemodynamic function in some CRT system recipients. (PACE 2009; 32:S211-S213)”
“OBJECTIVE: 1) To characterize risk factors for non-completion of latent tuberculous infection treatment (LTBIT), and 2) to assess the impact of LTBIT regimens on subsequent risk of tuberculosis (TB).

METHODS: Close contacts of adults aged >= 15 years with pulmonary TB were prospectively enrolled in a multi-center study in the United States and Canada from January

2002 to December 2006. Close contacts of TB patients were screened and cross-matched with TB registries to identify those who developed active TB.

RESULTS: Of 3238 contacts screened, 1714 (53%) were diagnosed with LTBI. Preventive treatment was recommended in 1371 (80%); 1147 (84%) initiated treatment, of whom 723 (63%) completed it. In multivariate analysis, study site, initial interview sites other than a home or health care setting and isoniazid AZD2171 preventive treatment (IPT) were significantly associated with non-completion of LTBIT. Fourteen TB cases were identified in contacts, all of whom initiated IPT: two TB cases among persons who received >= 6 months of IPT (66 cases/100 000 person-years [py]), and nine among those who received 0-5 months (median 2 months) of IPT (792 cases/100 000 py, P < 0.001); data on duration of IPT were not available for three cases.

CONCLUSION: Only 53% (723/1371) of close contacts for whom IPT was recommended actually completed treatment. Close contacts were significantly less likely to complete LTBIT if they took IPT. Less than 6 months of IPT was associated with increased risk of active TB.

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