3g). Anamorph: none reported.
Colonies slow growing, reaching 4 cm diam. after 70 d growth on Malt Extract Agar (MEA) at 25°C, flat, with irregular to rhizoidal margin, off-white to grey, reverse reddish purple to deep reddish purple, the medium is stained pale yellow. Material examined: FRANCE, Ariège, Prat Communal, Ruisseau de Loumet, 1000 m, on partly submerged wood of Fraxinus excelsior, 8 Aug. 2006, leg. Jacques Fournier (PC 0092661, holotype); 3 selleck inhibitor Sept. 2004 (BPI 877774; CBS: H-17932); Rimont, Ruisseau de Peyrau, 400 m, on driftwood of Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., 23 Jul. 2006 (HKU(M) 17515, isotype). Notes Morphology Amniculicola is a freshwater genus which stains the woody substrate purple (Zhang et al. 2008c, 2009a, c). This genus appears only to be reported from Europe. A detailed description of the generic type was provided by Zhang et al. (2008c). Phylogenetic study Three species of Amniculicola cluster together with Anguillospora longissima, Spirosphaera cupreorufescens and Repetophragma
ontariense as well as Pleospora rubicunda Niessl (current name Murispora rubicunda (Niessl) Y. Zhang ter, J. Fourn. & K.D. Hyde) and Massariosphaeria typhicola (P. Karst.) Leuchtm. (current name Neomassariosphaeria typhicola (P. Karst.) Yin. Zhang, J. Fourn. & K.D. Hyde). A new family, i.e. Amniculicolaceae, was introduced to accommodate these taxa (Zhang et al. 2008c, 2009a, c). Concluding PCI-32765 price remarks All of the five teleomorphic taxa within Amniculicolaceae are from freshwater in Europe and their ascomata stain the woody substrate purple.
Purple Elacridar mw staining makes taxa of this family easily recognized in the field. Anomalemma Sivan., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 81: 328 (1983). (?Melanommataceae) Generic description Habitat terrestrial, fungicolous. Ascomata gregarious, superficial, papillate, ostiolate. Peridium composed cells of pseudoparenchymatous. Thiamine-diphosphate kinase Asci clavate, 8-spored. Hamathecium of dense, filliform pseudoparaphyses. Ascospores 1- (rarely 2- to 3-) septate, fusoid, reddish brown, constricted at the main septum. Anamorphs reported for genus: Exosporiella (= Phanerocorynella) (Sivanesan 1983). Literature: Berkeley and Broome 1866; Keissler 1922; Massee 1887; Saccardo 1878a; Sivanesan 1983. Type species Anomalemma epochnii (Berk. & Broome) Sivan., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 81: 328 (1983). (Fig. 4) Fig. 4 Anomalemma epochnii (K(M):143936, syntype). a Gregarious ascomata on the host surface. b, c Bitunicate asci. Note the wide pseudoparaphyses. d Section of the apical peridium comprising thick-walled cells of textura angularis. e–h Fusoid to broadly fusoid ascospores. Scale bars: a = 0.5 mm, b–h = 20 μm ≡ Sphaeria epochnii Berk. & Broome, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 3 18: 128 (1866). Ascomata 340–500 μm high × 170–286 μm diam., gregarious on the intertwined hyphae, superficial, papillate, wall black, coriaceous, roughened (Fig. 4a).