The CA increases slightly from 153° to 155° when the dimension of Si micropillars reduces from 16 to 8 μm (see Table 1). The mobility of water droplets on a CNT forest surface https://www.selleckchem.com/products/azd3965.html was investigated by measuring the SA. Figure 2c shows an image of a water droplet which begins to slide on an inclined CNTs/Si surface with a slope of approximately 50°. It shows a significant
CA hysteresis of approximately 77° with an advancing angle of Φ a = 163° and a receding angle of Φ r = 86°. The SA of CNTs/Si varies from 40° to 50° according to the height of the CNT forest (see Table 1). The large CA hysteresis implies that it is hard for water droplets to slide on the CNTs/Si surface. Figure 2d shows an optical image of a water droplet sliding on CNTs/Si-μp. The water droplet on hierarchical CNTs/Si-μp has no evident hysteresis with an ultralow SA of 3° to 5°. The ultralow
SA implies that water droplets are easy to slide on the CNTs/Si-μp surface. We further reveal the https://www.selleckchem.com/products/ulixertinib-bvd-523-vrt752271.html behaviors of tiny water droplets on CNTs/Si and CNTs/Si-μp. Because the SA of CNTs/Si-μp is 3° to 5°, we mounted CNT samples on an inclined substrate with a slope of 5°. The CNT forest is then exposed under tiny water droplets with a diameter of 50 to 500 μm sprayed from a nebulizer (see Figure 3a). The situations of tiny water droplets are quite different from those of large droplets used in SA measurement. www.selleckchem.com/products/3-deazaneplanocin-a-dznep.html Some of the tiny droplets might join into larger ones and slide down on the CNTs/Si-μp, while some of them might stick on the CNTs/Si-μp
surface. The water droplets sticking on the CNTs/Si-μp surface have a round shape (see Figure 3b). The largest water droplets we observed on the CNTs/Si-μp surface have a diameter less than 0.8 mm (approximately 0.27 μL), which implies that water droplets larger than 0.3 μL might slide on the CNTs/Si-μp surface with a tilted angle of 5°. It indicates that the hierarchical CNTs/Si-μp can be used to collect tiny water droplets. Most of the tiny water droplets Selleck Ponatinib are absorbed by the CNT forest eventually within 10 min. The CNTs/Si-μp surface is thus wetted by exposing under tiny water droplets for a long time. However, the wetted CNTs/Si-μp surface still shows superhydrophobic behaviors after it dries up. Figure 3c shows an image of the CNTs/Si-μp exposed under tiny water droplets after three time tests. The shape of water droplets is quite similar to those in Figure 3b, which indicates that the CNTs/Si-μp surface still shows hydrophobic properties after wetting using the tiny water droplets. Figure 3 Representation of water droplets in different conditions. (a) Schematic figure of tiny water droplets sprayed from a nebulizer. (b) Tiny water droplets on CNTs/Si-μp surface. (c) Water droplets on CNTs/Si-μp after three time tests. (d) Water droplets on CNTs/Si surface.